What is Stem Cell Therapy?
Stem cell therapy is a set of techniques that aim to replace cells damaged or destroyed by disease with healthy functioning ones. The techniques themselves are still relatively new but their applications and benefits are broad. Some of the diseases they can help.
Types of Stem Cell Therapy
There are a number of stem cell therapies that are currently being investigated or used to treat a range of diseases. These are:
*Adult stem cell transplants using bone marrow stem cells
*Adult stem cell transplants using peripheral stem cells
*Stem cell transplants using umbilical cord blood
*Stem cell transplants using embryo stem cell
Benefits of Current Stem Cell Therapy
Although a great deal of stem cell therapy is still experimental, researchers have found the treatments promising for many diseases. Bone marrow stem cells, for example, are used to replace blood cells in people suffering from leukaemia and other cancers. Burn victims are also benefiting from stem cell therapy, which allows for new skin cells to be grafted as a replacement for damaged ones. New healthy cells can also be grown to treat eye diseases as well as replace dysfunctional tissues. The ultimate goal of stem cell therapy is to replace unhealthy cells with healthy ones and to do so efficiently, allowing proper cell functioning in the human body. In addition, the potential uses for stem cell therapy continue to grow as we learn more about the process whereby a healthy cell becomes a diseased one.